Sprain : Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies for Sprain

Muscles sprains can be really painful. They might cause you terrible discomfort and they might also prevent you from performing certain activities. A ligament is a band of elastic connective tissue in the body that connects a bone to a bone in a joint. The ligament works to keep the bones in place. A sprain is an injury to a ligament. The injury may include a stretching of the ligament or a tear to the tissue. An ankle is a common joint in the body to experience a sprain. Wrists, knees, ankle and neck are some of the most susceptible joints which suffer from sprains.

Some of the causes of sprain may be listed as follows:

.Rapid fall
.A forceful blow to the body
.Stepping on a rough surface
.Lifting heavy substances
.Over stretching of the ligaments

Home remedies for muscle sprain usually focus on reducing the pain and the swelling and on accelerating the recovery process. There are several home remedies which can help treat muscle sprain.

. Apply an ice pack over the affected muscle. This will make it numb and pain won't be felt that badly. You can also apply a cold compress and secure it with a bandage.

. Prepare a hot bath and add Epsom salt to it, according to the instructions. Soak the affected muscle in the water and keep it there for 10-15 minutes. Once the bath is over, bandage the muscle.

. Heat some sesame oil mixed with one teaspoon of black pepper powder. Let the mixture cool of and then massage it on the affected body part.

. Soak the outer leaves of a cabbage in water. Apply these leaves on the sprained area and let it stay there for 10 to 15 minutes.

. Heat some water till it is warm. Pour it in a bowl and add a few drops of lavender oil to it. Soak the sprained area in this water.

. Heat clove oil and allow it to cool down. Then apply over the affected area. It gives a speedy recovery.

. Prepare a mixture of almond oil and garlic oil at home. Massage the injured are with this mixture. After a day or two, one can start applying hot compresses over the sprained region.

. Eating pineapple will help you heal faster. Pineapples contain an enzyme which helps healing.

. Chop an onion into small pieces. Tie this in a thin cloth and place over the sprain. This will help bring down the swelling.

. Five drops of thyme oil diluted either in bathwater or some other oil can be used as a compress to get rid of swelling.

. Soak the sprain area in warm water with few drops of violet oil. Good home remedy for sprain.

. Smear olive oil around the sprain, take an egg yolk and stir it, then apply on the olive oil. Wrap with cotton wool pads, bandage for 2 days. Can repeat after 2 days, but make sure to wash first.

. Soak licorice roots in water overnight and apply this infusion on the affected area.

. Turmeric is made into a paste and is mixed with lime and salt. This is applied on the sprained muscles with very good results.

. Straighten the muscle and flex it upwards. If you have a sprain in the calf muscle, then sit down on a chair and pull your leg as much away from your body as you can.

. Apply the paste made from lime leaves and butter on the affected area.

. Add 1 teaspoon of honey to 1 teaspoon of raw lime powder, and mix them well. Apply the mixture on the sprain.

. Rub ginger paste on the sprained part. It is an effective herbal remedy for sprain.

. In a cup of sunflower oil, mix 1 tsp of camphor oil. Massage the affected area with this oil mixture. It would provide immense relief from the pain.

. Mix 2 tbsp sunflower oil with 1 tbsp turpentine oil. Store this mixture in a glass jar and massage the sprained area with it, on a daily basis.

. Make a paste with fenugreek leaves and lemon juice and apply it on the sprained area as it is a good home remedy for treating sprains.


Menstrual Cramps Home Remedies|Home Remedies for Menstrual Cramps|How to Reduce Menstrual Cramps

Menstrual cramps are pains in the belly and pelvic areas that are experienced by a woman as a result of her menstrual period. Menstrual cramps are not the same as the discomfort felt during premenstrual syndrome (PMS), although the symptoms of both disorders can sometimes be experienced as a continual process. Many women suffer from both PMS and menstrual cramps.

Menstrual cramps can range from mild to quite severe. Mild menstrual cramps may be barely noticeable and of short duration sometimes felt just as a sense of light heaviness in the belly. Severe menstrual cramps can be so painful that they interfere with a woman's regular activities for several days.

Some of the factors that increase the chances of suffering from menstrual cramps include:

• Reaching puberty at an early age, - 11 or younger
• Metrorrhagia, more commonly known as irregular menstrual bleeding
• Genetic factors, like a family history of dysmenorrhea
• Being below the age of 20 or never having been through childbirth
• Menorrhagia or heavy bleeding during periods
• Unhealthy habits like smoking, leading a sedentary lifestyle, consuming excess alcohol and taking illegal drugs

Menstrual cramps will affect most women at some point in their lives. The symptoms can annoyingly make your day unpleasant or become so severe that your regular routine is disrupted. To ease the pain and discomfort associated with this condition, consider the following home remedies for menstrual cramps:

. Do some mild exercise. Walk around the neighborhood, run on the treadmill, go ride your bike, or any other exercises you enjoy. This will increase blood flow which will help the cramps go away.

. Lie on your back with your bottom touching a wall and your feet resting above. Relax in this position when you have painful cramps and they will be alleviated.

. Try placing a hot water bottle or heating pad on your abdomen. This helps ease your muscles. A hot wash cloth or even just a warm blanket can also help.

. Try taking a hot bath or hot shower.

. Relieve your cramps with peppermint or wintergreen, especially when added to a tea. Drink one to two cups per day.

. Drink hot herbal tea or hot lemon when your pelvic region feels congested and cramped. It will increase your blood flow and relax your muscles.

. Blend and drink 75 milliliters of parsley, beet, carrot, and cucumber juice to treats painful cramping.

. Pound a piece of ginger and boil it in a cup of water for a couple of minutes. Sweeten the infusion with a little sugar and drink three times daily after meals.

. Take a multiple vitamin and mineral supplement, especially one that provides the body with calcium. Choose supplements that deliver small doses so that you can take one after each meal.

. Taking a magnesium supplement before and during your period will help your body effectively absorb more calcium.

. Add two tablespoons of basil leaves to one pint of boiling water. Cover tightly and allow the blend to cool at room temperature. Drink half to one cup of the basil tea every hour to ease your cramps.

. Sprinkle cinnamon on your breakfast foods or add to a tea. Cinnamon can ease the symptoms of menstrual cramping.

. Crush one teaspoon of fennel seeds to make a powder. Then, add one cup of boiling water. Let it steep for five minutes. Strain it and then drink it while it is still hot.

. Sprinkle ground flax seed over your salad, morning cereal, a cup of yogurt or in a smoothie. Women are usually advised to consume between one and two tablespoons of flax seed during the menstrual cycle.

. Make a simple mixture by taking about 2 tablespoons of some chamomile flowers and adding to a cup of water. This should be boiling water and the chamomile flowers should be allowed to steep in it for a few minutes. Add some honey to this mixture for added relief.

. Take 1 teaspoon of fenugreek powder with 1/2 cup water at the interval of every 3 hours till cramps subside.

. Take evening primrose oil in the form of capsules and the usual dose is 3,000 to 6,000 mg a day. This oil contains a substance that prevents uterine contractions and cramps.

. Drink red raspberry leaf tea at least once a day for 2-3 days before your period is about to start, and during menstruation. This is a great natural cure to muscle cramps and stress relief.

. Take 1-2 teaspoon of sesame seeds in a glass of water and boil it. Allow to stand for some time,then strain the mixture. Drink it 1-2 times a day.

. Eat unripe papaya. The unripe papaya helps the contractions of the muscle fibres of the uterus and is thus helpful in securing a proper menstrual flow.

. Eat a banana as soon as you feel the onset of menstrual cramps. Bananas contain both vitamin K and potassium which will help alleviate muscle cramping.

. Drinking dong quai tea or taking the herbal extract is also an effective remedy in the treatment for menstrual cramps.

. Drink a couple of cups of the juice from a coconut each day you are on your period (and eat the meat from the coconut as well).


Mosquito Bites Itch : Home Remedies for Itchy Mosquito Bites : Natural Remedies to Stop Mosquito Bites Itching

Most people experience a skin reaction when bitten by a mosquito. For some, the persistent itchiness of a mosquito bite can be maddening. Scratching an insect bite can create an opening for infection. The cause of the itch is basically the saliva of the mosquito that is injected into your blood.
If you get large swellings like welts or swelling in your throat you must contact your pharmacist or doctor immediately as you may have developed an allergy to the bite. Otherwise you can use some of the following home remedies listed below, they work wonders not to mention giving you a relief from the itchiness.

. Put a piece of Scotch tape or similar onto the bite. Wash the area with rubbing alcohol or ammonia first. Leaving it there will make the itch almost entirely go away. After a few hours, remove it.

. Use the common plantain. Either roll leaves of common plantain between fingers to extract juice, or chew on common plantain leaves a little bit, then rub the juicy leaf over mosquito bite. The itch goes away in less than a minute.

. Rub aloe vera gel or broken leaf from an aloe vera plant on the bite area to relieve itching.

. Make a paste of baking soda (bicarbonate of soda) mixed with warm water. One tablespoon to one pint of water is a good ratio to use. Gently apply to the affected area. Leave on for a few minutes, then wash off with warm water.

. Cut lemon or lime into pieces and rub gently on the affected area, or just squirt a bit juice on it. Citric acid has some itch-relieving properties.

. Rub a basil leaf on mosquito bites to stops itching.

. Crush aspirin and mix with a smidge of water to make a paste. Dab right on mosquito bite and leave to dry.

. Try mouthwash. Simply dab over the affected area and leave to dry.

. Mix a few drops of household cleaning ammonia with baking soda to form a paste. Apply gently to the affected area and allow to dry. This should relieve the itching. Remove with warm water.

. Soak a cotton ball in apple cider vinegar. Place the soaked cotton ball over the mosquito bites. If you don't want to hold it, tape it in place. Leave there for a few minutes.

. Make a thick paste of cornflour and apple cider vinegar. Gently apply the paste to the affected area. Allow to dry. It will alleviate the itching by the time it has dried. Wash off using warm water.

. Try adding some distilled witch hazel to calamine lotion as an effective pain relief and itch soother for mosquito bites.

. If you're near the sea, take a dip in sea water. Or add salt to hot water to make salt water.

. Dip a wash cloth into hot water, but not so hot that it burns your skin. Press the wet part of the cloth against the bite. Hold it there until you feel the bite tingle. Repeat once or twice.

. Apply an ice pack or ice cubes to the bites.

. Dab some toothpaste over the bite area. This can work like a charm to relieve itching.

. Rub some underarm deodorant on the bite area.

. Rub a bar of dry or wet soap over the itchy area.

. Dabbing small amounts of lavender oil direct to the affected area can relieve the itching quickly.

. Use melaleuca or tea tree oil. This oil is known as a cure-all for many problems and it can also alleviate the itching from mosquito bites.

. Try Vicks Vaporub®. Keep applying Vicks® to the area, especially if it rubs off.

. Use nail polish (preferably clear). Be sure that the bite is not raw from scratching. This keeps it from itching and acts as a seal to protect it.

. Rub the inside of a banana skin (peel) onto the bite.

. Rub the sap of an onion over the bite.

. Make a small paste of breakfast oatmeal and apply to the bite area. Allow to dry, then wash off.

. Add a little meat tenderizer to the bite area. Mix a little bit in water first, then apply.

. Place your own saliva on the bites. Leave it to soak in; for some people this relieves the itching.

. Break a raw egg and put only the white over your itch. Make sure there is no open wound over your itch.

. Mix equal parts of dettol and baby oil together, and apply with a cotton swab. Will relieve itching for abour 2-3 hours.

. Make a cup of green tea, put the wet tea bag on your mosquito bites.


Dry Peeling Lips : Causes, Treatments and Home Remedies

Peeling lips is a common feature in the season of spring/summer. While in other parts of the body has 16 layers of skin, lips have 3-4 layers and thus are prone to cuts, bruises and seasonal changes. During the spring/summer season, the wind tends to dry the lips by making it devoid of moisture. It is worse for people who have dry lips naturally. It not only makes your lips look bad but also if ignored makes them black.

Causes of Peeling Lips

Those who have the habit of pulling out the dry and dead skin end up having an even uglier look. It may also result in bleeding. Though it generally occurs because of lack of moisture during the winter season, it may also occur due to other reasons.

.Nutritional deficiency such as vitamin B deficiency
.Overexposure to the sun
.Cold and dry weather
.Frequent licking of the lips. Saliva ‘œdigests’ the thin membrane in our lips causing it to dry and peel.
.Allergic reaction to cosmetics and makeup

Treatments and Home Remedies

In a great number of cases, peeling lips can not be healed easily and the skin loss happens in a repetitive manner. Home remedies have worked better to heal peeling lips than the usual medicine. Here are some home remedies of peeling lips:

. Take half of a lemon and put some sugar into it. Rub it gently in a circular motion on your lips. Do it for 10 minutes and then wash it off with cold water.

. Take spoon of olive oil and mix it with cayenne pepper. Apply it on your lips and wash it off after some times.

. Water intake must be regular and sufficient because dehydration or the loss of moisture in the lips is the primary cause of peeling in the lips.

. Apply cocoa butter to your dry peeling lips several times a day.

. Never lick or bite your lips as they can contribute to dehydration, drying up, and cracking up of lips.

. Take a ripe papaya and mash it. Apply this on your dry lips and wash it off after 15 minutes.

. Apply a layer of honey on your lips while indoors to prevent peeling.

. A paste made with 1 teaspoon of gram flour, 1 teaspoon of milk cream and a pinch of turmeric powder is also beneficial in the treatment of chapped lips. Apply this mixture on your lips and allow it to dry completely. Once dry, gently rub it off.

. Rubbing the lips with a mixture of equal parts of glycerin and lemon juice is also beneficial in the treatment of dry peeling lips.

. Apply petroleum jelly thinly to your dry peeling lips several times a day. Exfoliate your lips by rubbing them gently with a soft-bristled toothbrush or a soft washcloth.

. Mix sugar and honey. Scrub well for 3 minutes, then rinse an apply moisterizing chapstick. For best results, repeat once a week.

. Make lip balm by using 2 tsp of coconut oil, lemon juice, 3 drops of lemon oil and 1 tsp of bee wax. You should warm these ingredients till they melt and mix together. Store this home-made lip balm in a small bottle and apply it regularly on your lips to keep them moisturized.

. Mix 5 ml of lime juice with glycerin of the same amount and with some water. Apply this mixture to the lips. It should stay for some time. You can keep the mixture for future use. You can use it for three days at a time.

. Take some petals of rose and drench them in raw like for say one or two hours. Once done, make a paste of that mixture and then apply it on your lips.

. Cucumber slice when rubbed on the dry lips also helps to cure dry peeling lips.

. Apply vitamin E to your dry peeling lips several times a day to cure dry peeling lips.


Home Remedies for Dry Flaky Scalp : How to Treat Dry Flaky Scalp : How to Get Rid of Dry Flaky Scalp

A flaky scalp can be annoying and embarrassing. Dry skin is the number one reason for flakiness of the scalp, reports the Mayo Clinic. Flakiness and itchy also is a common sign of dandruff. A dry, flaky scalp is caused by overuse of shampoo and conditioners as well as styling products, like hairspray, that build up on the scalp. The scalp becomes itchy and begins to flake off, causing embarrassing dandruff.

While a dry and flaky scalp can be uncomfortable and irritating for many people, there are numerous home remedies that can help. Try using these natural home remedies to treat and get rid of a dry, flaky scalp.

. Mix 2 tbsp. of soft bean curd, 2 tbsp. of honey and 4 tbsp. of lemon juice in a small container. Gently massage a small amount of the mixture into the scalp and roots of the hair for five minutes. Wrap a towel around your shoulders and leave the mixture in your hair for 20 to 25 minutes. Rinse your hair with cool water to get rid of the mixture, then shampoo with a gentle shampoo. This process can be repeated daily unless there is irritation to the scalp or skin.

. Gently massage 2 tbsp. of pure, raw coconut oil into the scalp and roots of the hair for five minutes. Leave the mixture in your hair for 10 minutes before rinsing with cool water. Shampoo your hair with a gentle conditioner and let your hair dry naturally instead of using a towel or hair dryer.

. Mix 2 tbsp. of freshly-squeezed lime juice with 3 tbsp. of olive oil in a small container. Gently massage the mixture into the scalp and roots of the hair for six to eight minutes before rinsing the hair with cool water. Shampoo with a gentle shampoo and condition with a moisturizing conditioner.

. Dip your fingers into olive oil. Apply the oil to your scalp, using gentle circular motions. Cover the entire scalp, but not the length of the hair. Once the scalp is covered with oil, cover the head with plastic wrap or a shower cap and leave on for 45 minutes. Rinse well with lukewarm water, then shampoo as usual.

. Rub a thick coating of the aloe vera onto your scalp and keep it there overnight. Rinse it out with your shampoo application in the morning.

. Create a mixture of apple cider vinegar that is diluted by 50 percent water. Rinse this into your scalp and allow it to dry without rinsing it out.

. You can also pour two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar into a cup and directly apply it without dilution. This method requires that you leave the apple cider vinegar on your scalp for 15 minutes to three hours before you shampoo.

. Create a tea using sage or burdock. Use this as your rinse directly after the completion of shampooing.

. Create a rinse that requires you to boil four large teaspoons of dried thyme. Place this into two cups of water for a period of 10 minutes. Strain the mixture and let it cool before applying. You will directly apply this into your clean and slightly damp hair. There is not a need to rinse this out.

. Combine two tbsp. of olive oil, an egg, a tbsp. of lemon juice and a tsp. of apple cider vinegar in a bowl. Beat all the ingredients together with a fork or hand blender. Apply the mixture on your scalp like a shampoo and rinse with cool water.

. Mix the egg white from one egg with five tsp. of whole-fat yogurt. After a bath, apply the mixture to your damp hair and leave it on for about 15 minutes. Rinse it off with warm water.

. Apply tea tree oil on your scalp and leave it on for a few hours. It is best to do this at night, before you go to bed. Wash off the oil from your hair in the morning with a mild shampoo.

. Cut an avocado in half and remove its pulp. Apply the avocado pulp on your hair and leave it on for about 10 minutes after you take a shower. Wash off the avocado pulp with lukewarm water.

. Dip your fingers into a bowl of warm coconut milk. With your moistened fingers, apply the coconut milk into the hair and scalp until your hair and scalp is wet. Massage your scalp gently using your fingers or a wide-toothed comb for about 15 minutes. Cover your hair with a shower cap for at least an hour. Shampoo hair twice to remove the oil, then rinse thoroughly. Let it dry.


Vaginal Dryness : Symptoms, Causes, Treatments and Home Remedies

Vaginal dryness is a common problem for women during and after menopause, although inadequate vaginal lubrication can occur at any age. Vaginal dryness is a hallmark sign of vaginal atrophy (atrophic vaginitis) — thinning and inflammation of the vaginal walls due to a decline in estrogen. Along with vaginal dryness, you might also have itching and stinging around the vaginal opening and in the lower third of the vagina.

Vaginal dryness can make intercourse uncomfortable. Most vaginal lubrication consists of clear fluid that seeps through the walls of the blood vessels encircling the vagina. When you're sexually aroused, more blood flows to your pelvic organs, creating more lubricating vaginal fluid. But the hormonal changes of menopause, childbirth and breast-feeding may disrupt this process.


Vaginal dryness may be accompanied by signs and symptoms such as:

.Pain or light bleeding with sex
.Urinary frequency or urgency

Causes of Vaginal Dryness

There are many factors that may lead to vaginal dryness. Some of them are:

.Drying soaps
.Medications (antihistamines/decongestants, antidepressants, antibiotics)
.Chemotherapy and radiation
.Allergens (for example the fragrances and dyes in toilet paper)

While all of these may cause problems with lubrication, the main cause of vaginal dryness remains low estrogen levels.

Treatments and Home Remedies

The diagnosis of the causes for vaginal dryness is necessary, but home remedies for vaginal dryness can relieve the condition while treating any significant disease or psychological issues. There are some treatments and effective home remedies for vaginal dryness which are mentioned ahead.

. To keep body hydrated drink at least 10 glasses of water. It will help to relieve the dryness.

. Apply Vaseline on the external and also within the lips of the vagina. It helps with the itching, dryness, and also a great lubricant.

. Vitamin E oil is good too. Apply the oil with your finger into the inside wall of your vagina.

. Aloe vera if consumed with saffron, winter cherry and milk at night is known to increase vaginal lubrication.

. Use a cotton pad and dip in sesame oil. Massage the vaginal walls daily to help in restoring vaginal lubrication.

. Including yogurt, rice, barley and corn in everyday meals is also known to reduce vaginal dryness.

. Apply around ½ tsp of comfrey salve to your vaginal area daily after taking a bath. Comfrey contains allantoin which helps in soothing the irritated tissues and stimulates the growth of new and healthy cells.

. Fatty fish like salmon and sardines are a good source of omega-3 fatty acids. It is very important for you to have these foods as they keep the cells healthy and naturally cure infection.

. Consume flax oil several times a day as a regular treatment for vaginal dryness. You can also substitute the oil for one to two tablespoons of freshly ground flaxseeds.

. Applying wild yams to the affected area can give relief. Typically, this is done with creams that are made with wild yam. Wild yam is a natural source of estrogen, thus, increasing the estrogen levels in the vaginal area.

. Local application of turmeric or tea tree oil is considered beneficial. Both, turmeric and tea tree oil are considered to have strong anti-bacterial properties which in turn can improve the infection.

. Eat more soy-based foods, such as soymilk and tofu, into your diet, Valuable options include tofu, soymilk, soy yogurt, miso and boiled or steamed soybeans.

. Other good natural remedies for the treatment of vaginal dryness include taking Kudzu. A study showed that healthy postmenopausal women that took a Kudzu capsule daily for 24 weeks showed improvements in vaginal dryness.

. Take a glass of water and add a teaspoon of fenugreek seeds and allow it to boil for 10-15 minutes.

. Herbs such as Dong Quai, a very well known Chinese herb helps to support balance of female hormones and to promote hormonal health. Available as a supplement at most natural health stores.

. Regularly drink fresh milk with 1 teaspoon of saffron in it. This will help to reduce vaginal dryness.

. Squeeze the oil of 6 vitamin E capsule into a cup. Add 5 teaspoon of black cohosh cream and mix. Apply it to the inside part as well outside of the vagina two or three times a day till relief.

. Take a cup of oat straw regularly to keeps the female reproductive organs in good condition and helps the skin glow.

. Try Kegel exercises since they may increase circulation to the pelvic area and thus help you keep vaginal tissue healthy and strong.


Vaginal Itching : Causes, Home Remedies and Preventions

Vaginal itching is a tingling or uneasy irritation of the skin of the vagina and the surrounding area (vulva). The itching may cause a desire to scratch the affected area. Many women will experience vaginal itching at some point during their lives. It’s an unpleasant condition that needs proper care.


Common causes of vaginal itching include:

.Chemical irritants -- such as detergents, fabric softeners, feminine sprays, ointments, creams, douches, and contraceptive foams or jellies.
.Menopause -- the drop in estrogen causes thinning of the vaginal wall and less lubrication.
.Stress -- may increase vaginal itching and make you more susceptible to infections.
.Vaginal yeast infection -- often includes a discharge that is white and curd-like. Vaginal yeast infections can be brought on by antibiotics, birth control pills, pregnancy, menstruation, condom use, sexual intercourse, diabetes, and a weakened immune system.
.Vaginitis -- inflammation, itching, discharge, and odor caused by other infections (including sexually transmitted diseases). Vaginitis in girls before puberty is common. If a young girl has a sexually transmitted vaginal infection, however, sexual abuse must be considered and addressed.

Other possible, but less common, causes of vaginal or vulvar itching include the presence of other skin conditions that may or may not be precancerous, and pinworms -- a condition that primarily infects children.

Home Remedies

The following are some commonly used home remedies are proven in most patients with vaginal itching. These home remedies have worked for many women with vaginal itching but the results can vary from person to person.

. Mix three tablespoons of the apple cider vinegar, in one quart of warm water and fill your douche bag. You can safely do this twice a day to make the itching go away.

. Regular consumption of ginseng may act as a replacement for lowered estrogen levels, and eliminate the dryness, itching and burning associated with menopause.

. Apply ice or a cold compress for immediate relief from the itching. This is especially effective at night when the itching is most intense.

. Fill a shallow tub or sitz bath with warm water and a half cup of salt. Stir until the salt dissolves, then sit in the water for 10 to 15 minutes.

. Eat 1 cup of yogurt a day. Make sure the yogurt doesn't contain any sugar and that it has live acidophilus cultures in it. Acidophilus helps control the fungus that causes yeast infections.

. Apply yogurt to the vulva to help relieve external itching.

. Rinse your vagina with warm water mixed with 2 tablespoons of cider vinegar twice a day for two days.

. Increase your intake of foods high in vitamin C, such as citrus fruits, tomatoes, strawberries and broccoli.

. Apply aloe vera gel liberally to the affected area. Repeat process until you get relief from itching.

. Drink 1-2 cups of nettle tea daily to get relief from this problem. Add 1 tabelspoon of dried nettle leaves to a cup of boiling water

. Apple cider vinegar mixed with yogurt and water can be dabbed on the irritated area with a washcloth. Wash with cool water if there is a stinging sensation.

. Buttermilk provides good results in stopping the growth of bacteria, which may cause the itching. Apply it to the vaginal area or drink it everyday.

. Garlic is also used for feminine itching due to its antifungal properties. Create a drink made from crushed whole garlic and water, and consume until itching is gone.

. Herbal extracts are ideal for home remedies, specifically extracts of olive leaves, grapefruit seed and slippery elm.

. Boil a tablespoon of the dried rind of pomegranate in 2 cups of water, strain and use as vaginal douche for the fishy smell and irritation.

. Boil 150 gm of lady finger in two cups of water, for about 15-20 minutes. Strain the water and add little sugar to taste. Take 50-100 ml of the decoction at frequent intervals to treat vaginal itching or vaginitis.

. Extract juice from fresh henna leaves and take a tablespoon twice a day. Take one on empty stomach in the morning, and another, 4-6 hours after lunch. Take this for ten days to cure symptoms of vaginitis.

. Add a sliced banana to a tablespoon each of honey and gooseberry juice, and eat it daily for a few days to get relief from vaginal itching.

. Juice some asparagus roots and take a tablespoon of it two times in a day for 2 weeks to treat vaginal itching.

. Boil a tablespoon of the dried rind of pomegranate in 2 cups of water, strain and use as vaginal douche for the fishy smell and itching.

. Boil 1 thread of saffron in ½ cup of water with a teaspoon of milk added to it. Boil until ¼ of the solution remains, and drink it daily to cure vaginal itching, discharges, burning, and irritations.


Once your genital itching is relieved and remedied, you’ll want to take the proper steps to keep it from happening again. Assuming you’ve had a pelvic exam and have ruled out any sexually transmitted disease itching or symptoms (which may require antibiotics), you can follow these steps to prevent vaginal itching from occurring in the future.

- Use well washed under garments.
- Maintain good toilet hygiene.
- Always take a warm bath.
- Avoid irritants like scented tampons.
- Use condoms during sexual intercourse.
- Always keep vaginal area clean.
- Clean your vagina area thoroughly after having sex.
- Avoid tight clothes and wear cotton panties.
- Avoid douching as it disturbs the balance of the microorganisms within the vagina.
- Be sure to clean diaphragms, cervical caps and spermicide applicators after each use.
- Take care to clean the anal area from front to back to prevent the intestinal bacteria from spreading into the vagina.


Vaginal Odor : Causes and Natural Home Remedies

Vaginal odor is any abnormal odor which originates from the vagina. An abnormal vaginal odor is often described as having a "fishy" smell. Abnormal vaginal odor is often associated with other symptoms such as vaginal itching or irritation and vaginal discharge. Left untreated, this condition may cause not only physiologic problems but also emotional (stress) and social problems (the person feels uncomfortable thinking the odor is detected by others.

The most common cause of vaginal odor is bacterial vaginosis (BV), which is associated with an overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina. Some of the causes of smelling vaginal include:-

* Douching
* Over washing
* Application fragranced articles on the affectionate areas
* Smoking
* Eating a bad diet
* Application an IUD
* Having unprotected sex
* Wearing panties fabricated from constructed bolt or deeply applicable trousers
* A vaginal infection
* Pelvic inflammatory disease

Many women wish to know of ways for reducing vaginal odor but do not whom to turn to. They are frustrated and embarrassed but prefer wincing from the problem. Usually, women are not very comfortable in discussing problems related to their private parts. You can get rid of foul vaginal odor and you can really do it right in the comfort of your own house. These natural remedies are designed to not only rid the smell, but to also kill the infection.

Natural Home Remedies for Vaginal Odor

. Wear cotton underwear. Cotton is a distinctive fabric in that it enables oxygen to pass by way of, but absolutely nothing else. Silk doesn’t have this identical top quality.

. Tea tree oil in your bath will help to eliminate bacteria that are getting the odor. Just a few drops in the tub are all it takes. Tea tree oil is antibacterial oil and it will fight off the unhealthy bacteria while leaving the healthy bacteria intact.

. Yogurt is one of the foods that a woman should eat everyday to make sure that there is a balance between the good bacteria and the bad bacteria in the body. Yogurt contains live finishes that will bring the body into balance.

. You can create a wash to use specifically for this area of the body with grapefruit oil and water. Make sure that the oil is diluted effectively.

. Put a cup of apple cider vinegar in the bath as this will do the trick to obviate vaginal odor. The apple cider vinegar is one of the home remedies for vaginal odor that is also used for bacterial vaginosis.

. Mix 2 to 3 drops of tea tree oil to 5 to 6 ounces of water. The solution is to be applied to the vagina. Tea tree oil has antibacterial nature.

. Add 1 tablespoon of chlorophyll in 7 to 8 ounces of water and consume the mixture. Green plants produce chlorophyll. It acts like a natural deodorizer.

. Dip a tampon in yogurt and then insert it into the vagina. This would ensure that the healthy bacteria tackle the harmful ones successfully.

. Vitamins C which is ascorbic acid should be included in the diet. You should consume as many citrus fruits as you can as they are rich sources of this vitamin.

. Use a solution of vinegar, salt, and water to wash the vaginal area several times a day, another effective choice in home remedies for vaginal bacteriosis.

. Use baking soda solution to wash the vaginal area. Just a little baking soda and some water can do the trick. Baking soda is very alkaline and when you mix some thing really alkaline with some thing really acidic, you neutralize it.

. Use fresh garlic and make a paste that is applied to the outside area of the vagina at night and remove it the following morning. 

. Be sure and drink plenty of water. Water helps keep the vagina flushed of bacteria and other contaminants. It also helps flush away the sugars that act as fuel for yeast infections.

. Wash the vaginal area with an antiseptic solution made by mixing turmeric and water 1:5 ratio.

. Crush a clove of garlic in a cup, add half a cup of yogurt with 1/4 tsp turmeric powder and take this first thing empty stomach every morning for 6 weeks.


Goitre : Causes, Symptoms and Home Remedies

A goitre or goiter, is a swelling in the thyroid gland, which can lead to a swelling of the neck or larynx (voice box). Goitre rarely occurs when the thyroid gland is functioning properly. Over 90% cases of goitre are caused by iodine deficiency. The thyroid gland is in the lower part of the front of the neck. It lies just in front of the trachea (windpipe). It has a right and left lobe which are connected together by a narrower band of thyroid tissue. (It is roughly the shape of a butterfly.) You cannot usually see or feel a normal thyroid gland. If the thyroid enlarges it causes a swelling in the neck which is a goitre.

The common causes of goitre:

.Juvenile goitre due to congenital hypothyroidism

.High consumption of certain foods that neutralise iodine, such as cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower. Other foods, like soy, may also induce goitres.

.Puberty, pregnancy

.Dyshormonogenesis, a genetic enzyme deficiency that interferes with normal thyroid hormone synthesis.

.Benign or malignant tumours of the thyroid gland.

.Certain drugs, such as lithium and phenylbutazone

Some symptoms of goitre:

.Diminished power of concentration.

.Emotional upsets



.Swelling of the thyroid gland.

.Breathing problems, if the goitre is large enough to press on the windpipe (trachea).

.Swallowing problems, if the goitre is large enough to press on the oesophagus.

Treatment always depends on the size and cause of the goiter swelling and whether it is causing other symptoms. Many of those who suffer from goitre will require lifelong medication treatments in addition to any other treatment used. Fortunately for those who are against modern drugs or simply cannot afford them, there are home remedies which one may utilize instead.

. All foods containing iodine should be taken liberally. These are lettuce, turnips, carrots, garlic, onions, oats, pineapples, whole rice, tomatoes, watercress, strawberries, guavas, citrus fruits, egg yolks, and sea foods.

. Watercress is one of the best sources of the element iodine. A paste made of this vegetable can also be applied beneficially over the affected parts. It helps to reduce swelling.

. A teaspoon of swamp cabbage juice with tea almonds should be given once or twice daily as a medicine.

. Kachnar, botanically known as Bauhinia variegata, has been used as a folk medicine for treatment of goitre in India. About 30 ml of the decoction of the bark should be given twice a day in the morning on an empty stomach.

. Dandelion has been found valuable in treating goitre. The leaves of this salad vegetable should be smeared with clarified butter, warmed and bandaged over the swollen parts for about two weeks.

. The flax seeds should be grounded in water, heated and applied over the affected parts. The leaves of the tree should then be bandaged over them.

. Do the neck stretches and exercises daily. These help stretch the muscles that are attached to the thyroid gland. Aerobics and jogging also help relieve a person suffering from goiter.

. Regularly intake of water nut (shingara) lotus reed, stem to the lotus tube of Plancuperous tuberosus and pineapple.

. Take equal parts of sorrel leaves and olive oil and mash them. Spread this paste on the goiter. It would help relieve a person suffering from goiter.

. Cucumber is a rich source of diet for goiter affected people. It should be included in the daily diet in the form of salads.

. Fluoride, chlorine and iodine are related with each other in the sense of chemistry. They block an entrance of iodine into thyroid. So try to avoid chlorinated water, fluoridated water and toothpaste containing the same.

. Vitamin A is necessary for iodine. Take enough of that to cure goiter.

. Vitamin B complexes nourish the thyroid gland and also help to utilize the iodine. Take enough Vitamin B complex to prevent thyroid malfunctioning.

. Another best way to get rid of thyroid malfunctioning is go for fasting. Keep yourself on fruits and vegetable juices. After couple of weeks, start with light but nutritious diet.

. Regularly drinking barley water is one of the easiest natural home remedies for goitre.

. Take tea almonds with one teaspoon of juice made from cabbage leaves.

. Drink pineapple juice on a daily basis for controlling all your thyroid related problems.

. Bananas and oats are also very effective in stimulating the thyroid.

. Pound few cloves of garlic,make a paste and tie the paste in cloth,use as poultice over neck.


Blocked Milk Duct : Symptoms, Causes and Natural Home Remedies

A blocked milk duct sometimes occurs in breast-feeding women. A blocked milk duct can cause a painful swollen area in a breast. The overlying skin is sometimes red and inflamed, but not so intense as with infective mastitis. When you feed your baby, the pain may increase due to the pressure of milk building up behind the blocked duct.

A blocked milk duct will usually clear within 1-2 days and symptoms will then go. However, in some cases a blocked milk duct becomes infected and develops into a mastitis. So, some cases of mastitis develop as a complication of a blocked milk duct, but some cases occur without a preceding blockage.

Symptoms of Blocked Milk Duct

.Tenderness or bruised feeling.
.Lumpiness in one area.
.Pain as your milk lets down.
.Redness. This is inflammation - may not be infection.

The most common causes for blocked milk duct are:

.A hurried feed or missing a feed.
.Baby having a cold, leading to difficulty feeding.
.Unusual food has made your milk taste different, and baby did not like it.
.Pressing your finger on the breast to allow air to baby’s nose.
.Tight bra, clothes, seat belts.
.Sleeping in a position that squashes the breast.
.Milk dried into one of the ducts in the nipple

While medical remedies are available for all these contingencies there are some home remedies also and these home remedies are time tested and they have been time and again proven to be effective.

. Make sure that you nurse your baby frequently. This practice is very necessary in order to empty the breast completely. Breast feeding the baby often, can help increase comfort and reduce inflammation of the breasts. It is one of the most natural remedies for treating blocked milk duct.

. Massage the sore area of breast frequently, especially after every feeding. To massage it effectively, start from the top of the breast and gently work towards the nipple area. Sometimes by hand pressing the breast, particularly while taking a warm shower, the clog tends to open up and dissolve so that the milk can flow freely. In some cases, it has been found that the combination of warm shower and massage helps to remove the dried milk lump lump that has blocked the nipple.

. Placing of warm compress, towel or heating pad on the nipple before breast feeding can also help the blocked milk ducts to open up and in the process allow milk to drain uninterruptedly.

. Holding your baby in different positions every time while breast feeding ensures that the milk ducts empty properly. When the breast is sore and milk duct is blocked, it is a very simple natural remedy to try positioning your baby in a way that the chin of the baby is pointing towards the sore point. This would direct the suction towards the clogged duct and improve the healing process.

. Avoid wearing tight bras and clothing as they aid in blocking the milk ducts. Under wired bras should also be avoided as they tend to cut the breasts and thereby cause infection. While nursing, your bra should be well fitting and should allow you to breathe easily.

. Massage the breasts with a comb. Use a wide-toothed comb, or one without sharp teeth; soap the blocked area, and ‘comb’ from the outside towards the nipple. This can help break up the blockage. Try not to leave soap on your nipple.

. Arm-swinging exercises encourage circulation: washing windows or cleaning the car.

. Check your nipples for a white ‘spot’ that may be dried milk. Gently squeeze or pick it out.

. A sufficient intake of vitamin C helps prevent clogging of milk ducts and at the same time promotes healing of clogged ducts.

. Drink hot herbal infusions of lecithin and Echinacea. These will help relieve the pain and unclogging the ducts.

. Soak your breasts in warm water with some Epsom salts added. (one handful of Epsoms with every 2L of water). Rinse your breasts afterwards just to remove the saltiness.

. Dangle feeding (breastfeed while leaning over baby) can be used in order for gravity to pull the blocked ducts open.

. Get one teaspoon of castor oil and gently massage the breast starting at the center of your chest side of your breast and work across toward the other side of your breast in the direction of your arm pit area. Be sure to include massaging around and underneath the nipple, and to the sides.

. A warm compress using a cabbage leaf is an excellent way to help loosen the blockage in a clogged milk duct. Simply microwave a cabbage leaf for a few seconds in the microwave and then place it on the breast for 2 to 3 minutes (make sure it is not too hot). Repeat this every hour throughout the day.

. Refrigerate a potato for a few hours, and then grate some of the potato. Apply the grated potato over the affected breast and cover with a clean wash cloth or towel for 5 minutes while lying down. Repeat this every hour throughout the day using some freshly grated potato.

. Two teaspoons of dried leaf of goat’s Rue put in boiled water if taken regularly, the quantity of secretion of breast milk will increase by almost 50% and it also clears the milk ducts of all types of clogging.

. Take some parsley and put it on a cotton diaper. Tie the ends securely and dip the diaper in boiling water for about 15 minutes. Cool the diaper to the required temperature and gently compress the breasts with the diaper.


Asthma Remedies : Natural Cure For Asthma : Asthma Alternative Treatments

Asthma is a very common respiratory disease, it affects the trachea and bronchial tubes by becoming inflamed and plugged with mucus. This causes the airways to narrow, restricting the amount of air going to the lungs, and makes it very difficult to breathe. Asthma can occur in anyone but is very common in children and young adults.

Modern medicine can offer very little to children with asthma, most drugs can only produce a temporary effect. Natural cure for asthma can be very helpful, not only reducing attacks but also strengthening the lungs and immune system. Here are some popular alternative home remedies for asthma.

. Magnesium helps asthma patients to breathe more easily.  Most foods which are high in magnesium (green leafy vegetables, whole grains, beans, nuts) will help to improve health in other ways as well.

. Take Vitamin B6 , Vitamin B12  and Vitamin C supplements as they are very important nutrients to treat asthma decreasing the inflammation in the lungs and to fight infection, increase the amount of oxygen and reduce inflammation.

. A study found that choline reduced inflammation in the lungs, reduced the production of mucus , and helped to prevent airway obstruction. Choline can be found in liver, muscle meats, fish, nuts, beans, peas, spinach, wheat germ, and eggs. Choline can also be taken as a supplement, in tablet form.

. Hold a jar of honey under the nose and inhales the air that comes into contact with it. This helps breathing easier and deeper.

. Dilute the juice of 1 lemon in a glass of water. Drink during meals. Lemon kills the germs, which are present in the mucus underlining the air vessels.

. Five grams of gooseberry mixed with one tablespoon of honey forms an effective medicinal tonic for the treatment of this disease. It should be taken every morning.

. Take ten garlic cloves, boil them in 30 ml of milk. This remedy is recommended once daily for the patient of asthma.

. Make an expectorant by mixing 1 teaspoon ginger juice, 1 cup decoction of fenugreek and honey as per your taste. You can also make by mixing 1 tablespoon fenugreek seeds in 1 cup water. Drink twice a day.

. Add a pinch of turmeric paste in 1 glass of water. It makes a good medicine for reducing the mucous lining. It is most effective when taken in empty stomach.

. Half a teaspoon of Safflower dry seeds powder, mixed with one tablespoon of honey, can be taken 1 or 2 times in a day to treat asthma.

. Prepare a soup of the bunch of Drumstick leaves and 180ml water. After boiling for 5 minutes let it cool than add seasoning, pepper and lemon juice for extra flavour.

. Mix one teaspoon of the Bitter Gourd root paste with an equal amount of honey or juice of the holy basil leaves. Take it once every night for a month.

. Mullein oil is used to fight respiratory congestion, is very important to make it as a tea for faster results.

. Mix 1/2 teaspoon of cinnamon powder with 1 teaspoon honey to consume before sleeping.

. Take 1 glass hot milk and add turmeric and lots of butter to cure cough and congestion.

. Eat salmon 3 times a week and take salmon oil capsules.

. Drink coffee and soft drinks with caffeine (colas), caffeine dilates the bronchial airways.

. Blend radish, honey and lemon juice together in a blender. Mix for 20 minutes and cook in small pan on less heat. Take one teaspoon of it in the morning daily. This is good asthma remedy.

. Boil 4-5 cloves in 125 ml of water. Add one teaspoonful of honey and drink the mixture twice or thrice a day. This is a good home remedy for asthma.

. 1-2 teaspoonfuls of Spiegel seed with warm water twice a day helps in minimizing asthma attacks and this is considered as effective asthma remedy.

. Soak dry grapes in water at night and keep in cold milk for half an hour and chew them. Good home remedy for asthma.

. Take fresh dry grapes with seeds and soak them in 150 grams of water at night. Remove the seeds in the morning and chew them slowly, one by one. In the remaining water add a little sugar and drink it. In a month the lungs will be strengthened and poisonous wastes will be removed from the body.

. Mix one gram of dry ginger powder and one gram of black pepper in one teaspoon of molasses of honey. This remedy is also considered as one of the effective and simple home remedies for asthma.

. Peel dry pomegranate and keep them in a jar. Boil two raisins and some part of the peel in 250 ml of milk. Drink this milk twice a day. This is one of the good asthma remedies.

. Steaming ginger tea with minced garlic cloves should be given twice a day (morning and evening). This asthma remedy is good natural remedy for asthma.

. Boil garlic cloves in thirty grams of milk and drink this daily. This is also a good home remedy for asthma.

Asthma Alternative Treatments

. Use your air conditioner. Air conditioning reduces the amount of airborne pollen from trees, grasses and weeds that finds its way indoors. Air conditioning also lowers indoor humidity and can reduce your exposure to dust mites. If you don’t have air conditioning, try to keep your windows closed during pollen season.

. Keep indoor air clean. Keep a check on your air conditioner and furnace. Change the filters in your furnace and air conditioner when its due. Also consider installing a small-particle filter in your ventilation system. If you use a humidifier, change the water daily.

. Maintain a proper hygiene is very important for asthma patients. One should always sleep in a clean bed. Use separate towel, bed sheets, pillows and other items of daily use. Avoid dust, insects, pets, plants and strong smell of perfumes, flowers or chemical sprays. Keeping yourself clean, bathing properly and avoiding catching cold are valuable tips for the patient to keep in mind.

. If you’re allergic to dander, avoid pets with fur or feathers. Having pets regularly bathed or groomed also may reduce the amount of dander in your surroundings.

. Eat proper diet. Diet should contain a limited quantity of carbohydrates, fats and proteins which are ‘acid-forming’ foods, and a liberal quantity of alkali-forming foods consisting of fresh fruits, green vegetables, sprouted seeds, and grains.

. Phlegm producing foods, such as rice, sugar, lentils, and yogurt should also be avoided. It is also recommended to avoid fried and other difficult to-digest foods, strong tea, coffee, alcoholic beverages, condiments pickles, sauces and all refined and processed foods.

. Get regular exercise. Regular exercise can strengthen your heart and lungs, which helps relieve asthma signs and symptoms. Avoid exercising in cold weather, but if you do exercise in cold temperatures, wear a face mask to warm the air you breathe.


Home Remedies For Blemishes : How To Get Rid Of Blemishes : Reduce Blemishes Naturally

Blemishes are marks or areas of discoloration on the skin. In some cases, acne such as whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples may also be referred to as blemishes. Some blemishes, such as port-wine stains, are discolorations a person is born with. Other blemishes, particularly acne, are caused by clogged pores. These are often caused by toiletries and cosmetics, particularly night creams, foundations, and moisturizers.

Some blemishes fade away with time, but others may not. Blemishes caused due to scratching, pinching or picking of acne are likely to increase over time. And some blemishes may remain on the skin forever. With time and regular usage of the following home remedies, it is possible that your blemishes may entirely go away:

. Soak 4 almonds overnight, peel the skin and grind it to a paste. Mix rose water with it and apply it on the face.

. Apply olive oil regularly on the face and massage lightly. The blemishes will fade off in course of time.

. Mix radish juice with a little gram flour and buttermilk and apply to the face. Wash it off after 20 minutes to clear scars left by pimples. Do it regularly.

. Dab honey on the spot and cover it with a bandage to get rid of blemish overnight.

. Drink carrot juice regularly with honey for a month to clear marks, scars and blemishes.

. Apply tomato pulp everyday on the face and washed off after half an hour to get rid of scars and blemishes.

. Raw potato juice applied daily cures skin blemishes.

. Mix dried orange peel powder with curd and use it as a face pack to clear blemishes naturally.

. Take 2 teaspoonfuls of gram flour and add a pinch of turmeric powder, a few drops of lemon juice and create a paste with a spoonful of curd. Apply this to your face and affected areas daily for best results.

. Make a paste made of finely ground almonds and yogurt. Apply this mixture evenly on blemishes to cleanse and exfoliate the skin to make it appear brighter and lighter.

. Mix 1 part of apple cider vinegar with 8 parts of water and rinse your face two times every day.

. Apply lemon juice directly on marks and spots to bleach them away naturally.

. Apply caster oil on the affected area to treat blemishes and acne.

. Warm some honey and apply it on the marks. Keep it on your skin for 10-15 minutes than wash the face with cold water.

. Take 7 parts of camphor extract and add to it 2 parts of extract of almonds, 1 part of sandalwood powder and dilute it with 30 parts of rose water. Using cotton balls, rub your face everyday with this natural home made solution.

. Peel few oranges and dry their skin in the sun. Once they have dried, grind them into a fine powder. Add 1 teaspoon of rose water and 1 teaspoon of lemon juice in this powder to make a paste. Apply this paste on the affected areas to improve skin texture and remove the blemishes.

. Add 1 part each of lemon juice, milk powder and honey together. To this mixture, add a few drops of almond oil and mix further. Now apply this paste on your blemishes and let it do rest of the job.

. Rub a lemon peel on the skin with a little sugar on it or without the sugar. After rubbing it leave it on the skin for at least 10 minutes.

. Make a mixture of tomato juice and lemon juice. Fill it in a bottle and keep it in the refrigerator. Apply this mixture on your face daily with a cotton ball. It lightens the skin tone and reduces the blemishes.

. Apply sandalwood paste on skin made with rose water. It even soothes the acne, pimples and boils from the skin.

. Apply paste of neem leaves or boiled neem leaves water on the skin to reduces the blemishes.

. Rub a papaya peel or banana peel on the skin and leave it for at least 15 minutes. It reduces the blemishes from the skin.

. Mix some vinegar with three mashed strawberries and apply this mixture on the affected area overnight. Regular application of this therapy will reduce the blemishes.

. Boil some carrots and then mash. Then apply these mashed carrots on the face for fifteen to twenty minutes and finally rinse it off with milk to cure blemishes to a great extent.

. Apply mashed green papaya on the affected area for fifteen minutes to remove blemishes at home. Combination of mashed papaya and milk also gives better results.

. Mix two tablespoons of vinegar, one tablespoon of rose water and some cucumber juice and apply the resultant solution on blemishes.

. Dab a toothpaste on the blemishes right before you head off to bed. Make sure that you use the paste kind and not the gel.

. Dab an egg white on the pimples and leave it on for about 20 minutes or even overnight. You can even use it as a facial and spread the egg white all over your face, like applying a facial mask.

. Add 1 cup of boiled water to a bowl filled with 1/2 cup of oatmeal. Spoon 1/4 cup of honey into the bowl. Mix the ingredients together and allow it to cool. Apply the oatmeal concoction in an even layer over a face as a mask for approximately 10 to 20 minutes. Rinse off the oatmeal concoction with lukewarm water.